Impact of Terror Attacks Before July 2016
Multiple and frequent terror attacks took place in many Turkish cities, especially in Ankara and Istanbul, before July 2016. This conditioned many of the Turkish military personnel to respond to the official calls from their superiors on 15 July 2016, to take a supportive role against a countrywide terrorist threat. Multiple testimonies of imprisoned officers indicate that they received official calls on 15 July 2016 to report to their units due to an expected large-scale terror attack. Those who received and obeyed the orders were immediately arrested by police officers at their arrival at the gates of their units.
Major Terror Attacks in Cities
Below is a list of major terror attacks in Turkey within one year prior to 15 July 2016.
July 20, 2015 -Sanliurfa
34 people were killed by a suicide bomber.
October 10, 2015 – Ankara Train Station
A suicide attacker detonated a bomb during a demonstration near the major train station and killed 109 people.
December 23, 2015 – Istanbul
One woman was killed by a bomb attack at Sabiha Gokcen Airport.
January 12, 2016 – Istanbul
A suicide attacker detonated a bomb, killing 13 people in Istanbul’s Sultanahmet Square, a popular tourist area, where the historic Blue Mosque is located.
February 17, 2016 – Ankara
An explosive-laden vehicle targeted a convoy of shuttles carrying military personnel to their housing at the end of duty hours. 28 military personnel and civilians were killed next to Turkish Air Force Headquarters (HQ).
March 13, 2016 – Ankara
A car bomb was detonated in the capital, Ankara, killing 37 people. This terror attack took place in the Kizilay district near Guvenpark, where a major municipal transport hub is located.
March 19, 2016 – Istanbul
A suicide attack in the busy Istiklal Street in Taksim killed four people.
April 24, 2016 – Bursa
One person was killed and 13 injured in a suicide attack close to the historical Ulu Mosque in Turkey’s northwestern city of Bursa.
May 1, 2016 – Gaziantep
An attack killed two police officers and injured 40 when an explosive-laden vehicle was detonated outside the police headquarters in the southern Turkish city of Gaziantep.
May 10, 2016 – Diyarbakir
Three people were killed and 45 were injured in an attack on a police bus in the Baglar district of Diyarbakir, a city in Turkey’s southeast.
May 12, 2016 – Istanbul
Nine people were injured when a car bomb exploded in Sancaktepe near the Army Aviation Regiment Command in Istanbul. Six soldiers were among the injured.
May 12, 2016 – Diyarbakir
Sixteen people died, and 23 were injured when a truck laden with 15 tons of explosives went off in Diyarbakir in Turkey’s southeast.
June 7, 2016 – Istanbul
A car bomb attack killed 11 people, including seven police officers, and injured 36 others in Istanbul’s “Vezneciler” district. The blast took place close to Istanbul University, the mayor’s office, and a metro station.
June 8, 2016- Mardin
Five people were killed, including two policewomen, one of whom was pregnant, and three civilians when a car bomb went off close to the police headquarters in Mardin’s Midyat district, located in the country’s southeast.
June 28, 2016- Istanbul
Thirty-five people were killed in an attack on Istanbul’s Ataturk Airport, and more than 100 people were injured.