ERDOGAN’s Autogolpe

From: Carlos Latuff

Before the events of 15 July, ERDOGAN, YILDIRIM, some Ministers, FIDAN, some AKP members, and pro-ERDOGAN high ranking officials like AKSAKALLI had full awareness about what would happen that day. They took all the necessary measures to provoke, manipulate, and keep the flow of events under their control. They could have definitely prevented the disaster before the events took place. Instead, they allowed the events to mature and aggravate to a certain level before decisive intervention. This resulted in “a limited uprising”, controlled by ERDOGAN and his collaborators. Head of the Main Opposition Party-CHP, Kemal KILICDAROGLU would rather call the events “a controlled coup”[1].

The Authors of this study prefer to describe the events with a different term; Self-Coup or Autogolpe. Bruce W. FARCAU, in his book “The coup: tactics in the seizure of power” describes the Latin American term “Autogolpe” (Self-Coup);

“A coup hunched by the chief executive himself in order to extend his control over the political system in some extra-constitutional way” (Farcau, 1994:2)[2].

Paul BROOKER explains how a military aligns itself with the leader of the country who carries out the Autogolpe;

“The military’s support for a civilian President’s autogolpe -and for his resulting populist presidential monarchy- could be viewed in similar forensic fashion to the military’s seizure of power. But in this case the military is acting as only an accomplice “before and after the fact” in the President’s misappropriation of his public office and powers.” (Brooker, 2014: 102) [3]

Carlson ANYANGWE offers a well-pondered description of the “Coup by the Executive” in his work “Revolutionary Overthrow of Constitutional Orders in Africa”;

“There have been cases where an incumbent government, tacitly or expressly aided and abetted by the military, assumes extraconstituonal powers, completely altering the character of the existing constitutional order and ushering in a totally different one. The incumbent government in effect overthrows the existing constitutional order and brings in a different one. This situation is sometimes denoted as a ‘self-coup’. A ‘self-coup’ always has the tendency of breeding a rebellion in the form of a counter-coup or an insurgency, leading to the ouster of the self-coup maker and the restoration of the status quo ante.” (Anyangwe, 2012: 48-49)[4]

[2] Farcau, B. W. (1994). The coup: tactics in the seizure of power. Westport, Conn: Praeger.
[3] Brooker, P. (2014). Non-democratic regimes. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. P.102
[4] Anyangwe, C. (2012). Revolutionary Overthrow of Constitutional Orders in Africa. Mankon, Bamenda: Labngaa Research & Publishg CIG.